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Rastafari Movement

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The Rastafarian Movement began in the 1930s in the West Indies, and is linked to the roots of resistance to slavery among descendants of the black African slave families. Therefore a strong bond with Africa is central to the movement.

Haile Selassie (Ras Tafari), who became emperor of Ethiopia in 1930, is seen as the new Messiah. He was seen as the person to lead all black people to freedom. Whilst accepting the Old and New Testaments as Scriptures, Rastafarians do not see themselves as Christians, as Christ was reborn in the new Messiah - Ras Tafari. Haile Selassie is accepted as the living God (Ras Tafari). They basically follow the moral principles of the Ten Commandments, but follow the ancient laws of Ethiopia. It is believed that they will eventually return to Ethiopia (some see this as the whole of Africa), leaving Babylon (the Western World).

There are no churches, official clergy or pre-set services, as Rastafarianism is considered a personal religion. The practice of Rastafarianism can vary widely and a precise definition is difficult to provide. Rastafarians are usually recognisable by their dreadlocks. This is a sign of pride and faith and some Orthodox members may not permit them to be cut. They may also be unwilling to remove their hats. Rastafarians emphasise self-employment particularly in craft or other creative cultural activities. The principles of collective work are also important.


Rastafari

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3D Dialogue: Rastafari Part 1

Marcus Garvey

Documental Rastafari - Marcus Mosiah Garvey

The Influence of Marcus Garvey

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